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Speaker Key

SG Susan Garrett


SG If I told you there was one thing that you could do that would almost guarantee you could overcome
your dog training challenge, would you be interested in knowing what that one thing was? I bet you
would, right. Before we begin though, I've got a little bit of news I want to share with you. First of all, if
you're watching this on YouTube, go ahead and hit the like button because this is going to be a good


Secondly, if you're not watching this on YouTube, I want you to know that we are within 1500
subscribers. I'm hitting the magical 10,000 subscriber mark. And I mentioned a month or so ago on
social media that when we get to 10,000 subscribers on YouTube, I'm going to do a YouTube live and
I'm going to talk about any dog training subject that you guys are going to pick.


So, I think we can get there by the end of the week. Because 90% of you who watch this on YouTube
haven't yet hit the subscribe button. So, here's what I want you to do. Come on over to YouTube, hit
the subscribe button. Of course, hit the like button on this episode because it's going to be awesome.
Hit the notification bell so that you will know when it is I do go live and leave a comment right here on
this video, what topic you would like me to address when I do this YouTube live.


Now I'm going to do it up here. I'll have a training area so I can bring a dog in to give you a demo if
that's something you'd like, let me know what that topic is and hit the subscribe button, tell your friends
to come over and hit the subscribe button. The faster we get there, the faster I'm going to do that live.
Okay. What is the number one thing that's going to almost but guarantee— I mean, there's a lot of
other things that are going to have to come into play to overcome your challenge.


You've got to have a good plan. You've got to have good execution on that plan. But the one thing that
is going to make the world of difference is the one thing that I've been talking about for 30 years that
people do not want to do. And that is keeping records. Have a journal.


And that is the only way that you are— For example, it's the only way you're going to be able to know if
you're progressing or if you're regressing with any behavior. So, this journal is all about what I
mentioned in episode number 66. My puppy had a resource guarding challenge. And a couple of things
that are really important when I talk about the fact that my puppy had a resource guarding challenge is
number one, she had it, she doesn't have it anymore. Although I keep looking for opportunities to
reinforce her because she's still a six-month-old puppy and things could change. And I also said she
had a resource guarding problem. Now that's very different than me saying my dog is a resource
guarder. Because when you label your dog, it's so much more difficult.


You've rehearsed for your subconscious that's what your dog is, and you just look for confirmation bias
and everything that goes on in your life, “Oh yeah. Look at her. She's aggressing again. That's just who
she is. I'm going to have one of those aggressive dogs.” So, when I started record keeping with This!, it
was February 10th was when I decided I need to do something about This!.


And I started record keeping and I had 14 to 15 incidences of her resource guarding towards one of the
other dogs in the house. And that's my summary. I just showed you my summary chart. She would
resource guard me against the other dogs. She would resource guard things she found valuable, like
where we cut her nails or if the Dremel was left on the ground.


She would do things like lunging. She would all out like muzzle grab and a lot of growling. And it took,
in looking at my records here, by February 18th, so just eight days after her two back-to-back 14- and
15-day incidences, she had a zero. Incidents of zero that day. Now the next day we went back up to
five, but then we had a two. Then we had another five and then we had a zero, one, one, zero, one,
zero, zero. And we've had zeros or one every day since.


And so, what's important is your approach, of course your dog training plan, but what is it that you are
keeping track of when you're record keeping? So, first of all, when you have a dog training problem, I'm
going to steal this question from my friend, Jean Donaldson. So, Jean is just a brilliant dog trainer. She
has a master’s degree in animal behavior and she's a fellow Canadian. Shout out to Jean Donaldson.


So, Jean has this great question. And when you're dealing with a dog training question, she wants you
to ask, is the dog upset? Now upset could be taken a lot of different ways, but let's just say, is the dog
fearful or anxious or highly agitated?


This isn't, is the dog super excited? But is the dog upset? If the dog is upset, then your training
challenge should focus on that dog's emotional state. And what that looks like for me, most of the time
is counter conditioning and desensitization, which is what I did for This!’s resource guarding. In my
opinion when a puppy starts showing aggression, it's they're upset about something. So, let's fix that
emotional state.


Now what people would say, “Oh, it's a six-month-old puppy, just knock it around and say ‘Hey, knock
that off.’” Give them a little shake, “That's not right. Don't do that.” You can get a dog to stop doing that.
But what you're doing is you haven't addressed the emotional response.


They will know, “Oh, I'm going to get in trouble if I do that so I can't do that.” But you haven't changed
the fact that they are upset. So, you're burying emotion on your intimidation. And what happens is you
create a ticking time bomb. And it will go off at some point. Probably throughout the dog's entire life.
But if you deal with the emotion of the challenge then you can teach a different outcome.


So, you're just creating a dog who looks forward to seeing other dogs around because they know that's
when good things happen. So counter conditioning, like if I just use the example of what I did with This!
it's important that the dog be able to understand if this then that.


So, if I see another dog, then all of a sudden, good things happen to me. And you can try to do this just
by taking your dog for a walk and every time he sees another dog, just start feeding them. Now, to
onlookers it's going to look like, “Oh look, she's feeding that dog for being aggressive.” If the dog is
emotionally still in check that they will take your food, then this long term, if you stick with it long
enough, will work.


It isn't that best approach in my opinion. The best approach is what I did with This!. I set her up with an
Ex-Pen. You can go check out that episode where I talked about keeping her, what my goal is with any
dog training challenge, our number one goal is - number one is eliminate or reduce as much as
possible any kind of rehearsals.


So that's one part of it, which I was able to do just by creating a different environment from her. We
went from 15 episodes of aggression to 15 and 14. The very next day it went to 11. Now there was an
Asterix beside that because she was up in my office almost the entire day.


The next day it was 11. So, we went from 15 to 11 to 6. And we never ever had double digits again. So,
changing the environment. Now, did the training do anything about going from 14 to 6? That counter
conditioning and desensitization might've had a small effect in the first four days, but really it was
changing the environment.


So, eliminating the possibilities for her to have those rehearsals. At first, we picked up all the bones
and the toys in the house. The bones and the toys are all back in the house now and life is grand. So,
This! project, the look at our resource guarding that was going on, it took less than two weeks to get
things back to toys in the house and bones in the house. And another two weeks of continuing to do
some counter conditioning to get her to the place where on the weekend she had a toy and Tater came
up and grabbed it out of her mouth and she didn't respond. She was just like, “Oh, okay. Things


All right. So, you've got to ask yourself with your dog training challenge, you've got to ask that question:
Is the dog upset? And if the dog's upset, dog training alone is not the answer. You need to look at the
emotion and fix that emotion. And so, what I did with This! as I had her in the ex-pen, and I would walk
by, I would give her something good that she wanted like a big meaty bone. I would walk by, by myself.
She just kept eating. “Well, I don't care about you.” She wasn't resource guarding things against me. If
she was, I would have done things a little different. And then as I walked by, probably the third time or
so I would take a dog with me and I would have the dog walk far away and I would just throw cookies in
her really high, high value cookies into her ex-pen as I walked by with a dog.


Now she was growling. She'd stop eating and she would growl. But after two repetitions of that she,
“No, I'm— good things are gonna happen. I can eat my bone and eat these cookies because there's
another dog around here.” And then I would go back to me walking without a dog, me walking with a
dog so that what I want to help condition in her brain and remember this isn't training, she isn't
choosing to growl. It's a fear response. There isn't a choice, “I'm going to growl at you right now.”


And so that's why conditioning works. Okay. Because we aren't waiting for the dog to not growl before
we feed them. We're just reinforcing them so that the sight of this means this, if this then that. Okay.
So, what are you going to write in your record book? What I want you to write first of all, is the times
you saw your dog respond well. And so, for the first day, our first few days when I had her in her new
Ex-Pen it would be, if another dog went by the Ex-Pen, now we didn't leave resources in there for her
to, like high value resources. There were things that she could play with her, chew on that really, she
never guarded in the past.


Anytime a dog went by we would like, whoa, that would go in the book. And we might if we had cookies
nearby, just toss her cookies whatever was handy. So, when you are record keeping you need to, first
of all, acknowledge and write down the times that you saw good choices from your dog. That's number

Then you're going to look at, write down the times that you saw inappropriate responses from the dog. And that could be what you're going to write down is the time of day. Super important that you write down the things that preceded that like we had just come back in from a big walk.


So, a lot of, by keeping great records, I found out that a lot of the times This!’s worst incidences were
happening after 8:30 at night. And so, for me I'm like, she's still a puppy, she doesn't stop. I'm going to
give her a forced nap in the middle of the day where nothing's going to happen. She's going to go in
her crate. She's going to go to sleep. We're going to leave her there for an hour or two, and then she's
going to come out and she's going to go to bed before 9 o'clock at night. So that she isn't overly tired
and responding inappropriately.


So that was a big part that I learned from the record keeping. I also learned from the record keeping
that things happened at the top of the stairs. Because that's where we go outside to do fun things. So,
a lot of incidences were happening at the top of the stairs. So, I put in more reinforcement for her
around other dogs at the top of the stairs. You're going to know that by writing those down in your


You may think your vault can keep it all upstairs, but the book allows you to look at things and evaluate
patterns because that's what's going to solve our dog's challenges is the patterns. So, you're going to
write down the good responses that you saw during the day, the responses that you felt were
inappropriate, what time of the day, what happened before, what you know, where the location that you
were in, and then you're going to do a summary.


And I want you at the end of every day to make sure that you're celebrating, “Oh, look. We went down
from 15 to 14 responses.” Okay, it may mean something, it may not, but when I went from 15, 14 to 6,
then I knew we were on the right track. And we would intentionally, I would intentionally do this counter
conditioning exercise with the other dogs walking by her Ex-Pen. And she was getting so many treats.
We had to cut back her food because she was gaining weight. She was getting so many treats for the
sight of other dogs when she had something she valued, that she was like loving this loving that.


And of course, we would give cookies to the dogs that were being growled out as well, because we
didn't want to create any tension any either way. And then we just, you know, when we saw that it was
happening, her incidences went down, we gave her more opportunities back out with the other dogs
and rewarded her good choices there.


So, you want to be sure no matter what your training is number one is there an emotional aspect to it?
If the answer is no, like my dog is peeing on the carpet, they're not like upset. Well, they could be. It
could be that they are submissive peeing. That's a different story. But it could be just, I haven't really
got all my potty-training regime and we have accidents in the house. That isn't a fear or a lack of
confidence. That isn't anxious. That's just, “I got to go. I got to go.”


All right. So that's just dog training. You want to use your good dog training to fix that one. But when
there's an emotional response, you want to deal with that first. Now, I brought all this up because I've
got a lot of people asking me about episode number 14. Now episode number 14 was called creating
harmony in a multi dog household. And I mentioned the togetherness project, which is something that
I've done with my dogs. And people have asked me about that. And I've been really hesitant to talk
about it.


But before I did, I wanted to talk about number one: record keeping, number two: differentiating
between the dog training, the operantly saying, “Oh yeah, this dog's not upset.” versus having the dog
in an emotional state of fear or anxiousness that we have to train that differently. And sometimes the
best approach when the dog is really emotionally upset is to use medication. See a behaviorist and get
the dog medicated so that they can make good choices. Right.


Just like people, sometimes dogs need better living through pharmaceuticals to deal with a challenge.
And then the counter conditioning works so much better. Why fight against it when meds can help. And
it might just be a short-term prescription for those meds. And then the training is easier for the dog. The
counter conditioning happens faster.


So those are two options. In an upcoming episode I will talk about what the togetherness project looks
like, but I want you to know I do this hesitantly because I find a lot of times people don't really
understand that dogs only have limited ways of communicating things to us. And the most obvious one
is their voice.


And I've helped many students who've had Terriers. And when they're playing tug with them, when
their Terrier starts growling at them, they get, they’re like, “Oh my God, he's being aggressive towards
me.” So, if you're a new dog owner and you're concerned about your dog’s growling or appropriateness
with you, seek out first of all, just seek out the help of a reinforcement-based dog trainer. Somebody
who isn't gonna use punishment or blame or corrections on your dog. And just say I'd like an evaluation
to see how my interactions are with my dogs.


And if you are pretty confident that the dog is serious, then I would really encourage you to seek out
the help of a Veterinarian, Certified Veterinary Behaviorist. But upcoming, we're going to talk about the
togetherness project when we aren't to that level. All right, so stay tuned. I got more for you.


But remember if you haven't, go to YouTube, subscribe this channel. Let’s get to 10,000 because I
want to do a YouTube live. I have never done a YouTube live and I said I would do it when we get to
10,000 subscribers and I'm going to hold true to my word. Let's get there. We'll see you next time with
Shaped by Dog.